AEE Institute Resources

Tools, Data, and Analysis for Understanding Advanced Energy and its Transformative Potential



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Data and Analysis:

Ohio Study

Four Paths to Ohio’s Energy Future: Modeling Options for Meeting Electric Power needs in 2030

As the energy landscape evolves in Ohio, AEE Institute commissioned a study to provide a data-driven, least-cost approach to achieving the state’s growing energy needs and ensuring reliability. “Four Paths to Ohio’s Energy Future - Modeling Options for Meeting Electric Power needs in 2030” presents the results of four specific scenarios that are representative of multiple runs utilizing AEE Institute’s modeling tool for assessing least cost options for meeting Ohio’s electricity needs. The report projects customer rate impacts of four scenarios, all through 2030.

Access to Advanced Energy Report

Opportunities to Increase Corporate Access to Advanced Energy

For many companies, the ability to control energy costs and sources is a key factor when deciding where to locate or expand their operations. Increasingly, companies are specifically seeking opportunities to purchase advanced energy—a choice often backed by an internal sustainability goal or renewable energy target. However, in states across the country, policy or regulatory roadblocks leave companies with few options, if any, to meet their needs.

To understand these barriers and opportunities at the state level, Advanced Energy Economy Institute commissioned Meister Consultants Group (MCG) to assess policy changes that states can enact to expand corporate access to renewable energy. The report identifies 11 states with a strong corporate presence in which one or more of the policies profiled has the potential to create new opportunities for corporate competitiveness: Alabama, California, Florida, Georgia, Indiana, Kentucky, Michigan, Minnesota, North Carolina, Ohio, and Texas. Applicable policy options for each state can be found in the Executive Summary.


A Performance-Based Approach to Allowance Allocation for Clean Power Plan Compliance

Under the final Clean Power Plan (CPP), the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) gives states flexibility to reduce emissions from existing power plants in a way that best suits their individual circumstances. One key choice is whether to meet these targets through a mass-based or a rate-based plan. States can develop cost-effective plans under either approach, but optimal outcomes depend on a number of key decisions. For states choosing to comply using a mass-based approach, the question of how to allocate emission allowances looms larger than any other policy choice.

AEE Institute’s paper, A Performance-based Approach to Allowance Allocation for Clean Power Plan Compliance, explains that allocation to affected units on the basis of historical generation — the proposed approach under EPA’s proposed mass-based Federal Plan and Model Trading Rule — is the least effective of the many options available to states.

Download the position paper

Toward a 21st Century Electricity System for California

On February 25, 2015, Advanced Energy Economy Institute hosted a meeting of senior executives from advanced energy companies and California’s investor-owned utilities (IOUs). The California 21st Century Electricity System CEO Forum was an opportunity for energy industry leaders to discuss the drivers of industry change and to start to examine utility business models and regulatory concepts that can adapt to and thrive in the emerging energy market environment. Out of that meeting came a desire by the participants to advance the ideas and concepts discussed. Toward a 21st Century Electricity System for California summarizes that effort. Produced by a working group that included representatives of IOUs, California Independent System Operator, and more than a dozen advanced energy companies active in California, this position paper presents a broad vision of how stakeholders in California can work together in a more integrated fashion to achieve the state’s ambitious and important energy and environmental policy objectives.

Download the report

Markets Drive Innovation
Why History Shows that the Clean Power Plan Will Stimulate a Robust Industry Response

When EPA releases the final Clean Power Plan this summer, regulators and industry will move to consider compliance options in earnest. While opponents contend that these options will be limited and costly, the track record of EPA regulations allowing for market-based compliance suggests otherwise. This report looks at outcomes under prior EPA rules, finding that when regulations allow for market-based compliance, efficient and active markets develop rapidly and industry responds with innovations that reduce compliance costs. Given the structure of the proposed CPP and the status of current markets for advanced energy technologies and services available as compliance options, the report predicts that the CPP will elicit a similarly robust market response.

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Impacts of the Clean Power Plan on U.S. Natural Gas Markets and Pipeline Infrastructure

The AEE Institute contracted with ICF International to perform an assessment of the potential impacts of the EPA Clean Power Plan (CPP) on required gas pipeline capacity. This report responds to concerns raised by some stakeholders, including the North American Electric Reliability Corp. (NERC), that states might rely heavily on natural gas generation for compliance with the CPP, creating stress on gas pipeline capacity and ultimately impacting electric system reliability.

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Competitiveness of Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency in U.S. Markets

Questions have been raised about whether renewable energy (RE) and energy efficiency (EE) resources can provide substantial emission reductions at reasonable cost under EPA’s proposed Clean Power Plan (CPP). These concerns reflect fundamental misperceptions about the performance and cost of today’s renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies, rooted in outdated information and perpetuated by inaccurate official market projections. This report shows that RE and EE are competitive resources in today’s marketplace that will not only be cost-effective mechanisms for CPP compliance but should also be expected to grow strictly on the basis of competitiveness.

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Integrating Renewable Energy into the Electricity Grid: Case Studies Showing How Technologies and Operations are Maintaining Reliability

The Advanced Energy Economy Institute commissioned The Brattle Group, a leading consulting firm to utilities and grid operators, to provide an overview of how utilities and grid operators were integrating variable renewable resources while maintaining reliable electric service. In this report, The Brattle Group provides two case studies representing the two types of electricity market structures in the United States - the Electric Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT), a regional transmission organization (RTO), and Xcel Energy Colorado, a vertically integrated utility - each of which is successfully managing a high and increasing share of electric power from variable renewable resources.

NERC's Clean Power Plan Phase I Reliability Assessment Critique

NERC's Clean Power Plan 'Phase I' Reliability Assessment: A Critique

On April 21, the North American Electric Reliability Corp. (NERC) released its “Phase I” assessment of the reliability impacts of EPA’s Clean Power Plan (CPP). The Phase I report is a follow-up to NERC’s Initial Reliability Review, and NERC indicates there will be more to come. This is in keeping with NERC’s vital role in informing policymakers and grid operators about issues in maintaining reliable electric service across the country. This white paper provides a critique of the Phase I reliability assessment and suggests ways future assessments can be improved.

EPA's Clean Power Plan and Reliability report from the Brattle Group

EPA’s Clean Power Plan and Reliability

Assessing NERC’s Initial Reliability Review
In November 2014, the North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) issued an “initial reliability review” in which it identified elements of the CPP that could lead to reliability concerns. Echoed by some grid operators and cited in comments to EPA submitted by states, utilities, and industry groups, the NERC study has made reliability a critical issue in finalizing, and then implementing, the Clean Power Plan.  

In order to gain insight on the issue, the Advanced Energy Economy Institute commissioned The Brattle Group, a leading consulting firm to utilities and grid operators, to conduct a critical review of the NERC study. The Brattle Group’s conclusion:  

“Following a review of the reliability concerns raised and the options for mitigating them, we find that compliance with the CPP is unlikely to materially affect reliability.”

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Modeling a Low-cost Approach to Clean Power Plan Compliance for Arkansas

"Modeling Low Cost Approaches to Clean Power Plan Compliance for Arkansas" shows that implementing EPA's Clean Power Plan could have minimal impact on electricity costs in Arkansas, and even provide savings for ratepayers, compared with projected energy costs in 2030. Those are the findings of multiple scenarios run through STEER, a new analytic tool developed for the Advanced Energy Economy Institute and applied to Arkansas-specific data.

Download the white paper

Modeling a Low-cost Approach to Clean Power Plan Compliance for Pennsylvania

"Modeling Low Cost Approaches to Clean Power Plan Compliance for Pennsylvania" shows that implementing EPA's Clean Power Plan need not raise electricity costs in Pennsylvania but rather may provide savings for ratepayers compared to projected energy costs in 2030. Those are the findings of multiple scenarios run through STEER, a new analytic tool developed for the Advanced Energy Economy Institute and applied to Pennsylvania-specific data.

2016 Florida Jobs Report

Advanced Energy Jobs In Florida

At just over 140,000 workers, advanced energy employs nearly twice as many Floridians as agriculture, more than real estate, and equal to schools, colleges, and training institutions. The advanced energy industry now supports 2% of statewide employment and is expected to grow almost 4% by the end of 2016, with employers adding more than 5,000 new jobs by yearend. These are some of the results drawn from this AEE Institute report—the first study of advanced energy employment in the Sunshine State, prepared by BW Research Partnership, a leading workforce and economic development research firm.

Advanced Energy Jobs in California

Advanced Energy Jobs In California

At just over 500,000 workers, advanced energy employs three times as many Californians as the motion picture, TV, and radio industry; more than agriculture, forestry, and fishing; and approaching construction. With one in every five advanced energy workers nationwide, California has the largest advanced energy industry by employment of any state in the country. Employment in California’s advanced energy industry grew 18% last year, six times the rate of statewide employment growth. Employers engaged in advanced energy business also expect to increase their workforce by 8% this year.


California Advanced Energy Employment Survey

Based on this survey of more than 2,000 companies doing business in California, advanced energy employment in the state is currently 431,800, an increase of 5% over last year. Employers are optimistic about the future as well, with about half of all firms expecting to add employees during the coming year, for more than 70,000 new jobs – a 17% projected increase.

Download the full report for more details

Assessing Virginia’s Energy Future: Employment Impacts of Clean Power Plan Compliance Scenarios

This report, prepared by Meister Consultants Group for the Advanced Energy Economy Institute and the Virginia Advanced Energy Industries Coalition, analyzes two possible scenarios for Virginia’s compliance with the U.S. EPA’s Clean Power Plan to reduce carbon emissions from the electric power sector. It shows that the Commonwealth could create thousands of permanent and temporary jobs by making investments to diversify its power sources with renewable energy, energy efficiency, and natural gas generating plants – and more than double the additional jobs if the state simultaneously pursued a long-sought goal of eliminating electricity imports from out of state.

Iowa Advanced Energy Employment Survey

Iowa Advanced Energy Employment Survey

With 22,643 workers at 1,427 establishments, the advanced energy industry has become a significant part of Iowa’s economy and can be expected to contribute to the state’s overall economic health and growth going forward.  Firms in the industry project employment growth of 6% over the next 12 months, pushing total advanced energy jobs in Iowa to nearly 24,000 by the summer of 2015. 



Benefit‐Cost Analysis for Distributed Energy Resources

As part of New York's Reforming the Energy Vision regulatory proceeding, AEE Institute commissioned a study by Synapse Energy Economics that lays out a benefit-cost analysis (BCA) framework describing the universe of benefits and costs that should be taken into account and how they can be incorporated, even if they may be hard to quantify.



The Economic Impacts of Advanced Energy

The Advanced Energy Economy Institute commissioned Pike Research to perform, for the first time, a quantitative and qualitative analysis of the advanced energy markets in the U.S. and globally.



Accelerating Advanced Energy

The Advanced Energy Economy Institute commissioned a leading industry consultancy to interview CEOs and top executives of advanced energy companies about how federal policies affect their businesses.



California's Advanced Energy Economy

The Advanced Energy Economy Institute commissioned Analysis Group, a leading research consultancy, to survey California's advanced energy business leaders on the state of the advanced energy economy.




Advanced Energy in the U.S.

Advanced Energy is a new concept representing the best available technologies, products, and services for meeting energy needs today and tomorrow. Energy is a fundamental resource fueling economies around the globe. Advanced energy represents an opportunity of historic proportions. This report focuses on the opportunities presented by advanced energy.